Until recently, Egypt had a 2-6-3-3 formal education structure. There are still two years of pre-primary school, which has an official entry age of four and is referred to as pre-primary education. In the 2-6-3-3- system, primary school had an official entry age of six and a duration of six grades. At the end of the cycle, students receive the primary school certificate. Secondary school is still divided into two three-year cycles: lower secondary and upper secondary.
Lower secondary, which is known as preparatory education, consists of grades 7-9 and culminates in the basic education certificate; upper secondary, which is known as general secondary education, consists of grades 10-12 and culminates in the general secondary certificate. In addition to traditional primary education, there is community primary education for students ages 9-16. Egypt also has a lower and an upper secondary vocational education track (ISCED 2011 mapping for 2015 school year).